Water is the most essential resource for human survival and having clean, accessible water is essential to life. The oil and natural gas industry knows how important clean water is to families all over Oklahoma. And because industry professionals live and work in the community and have families of their own, they often go above and beyond standard safety practices to protect groundwater resources.

Producers comply with stringent regulatory standards and state permitting guidelines when drilling a well. The actual drilling is typically performed thousands of feet below groundwater, underneath numerous layers of rock formations.

Each well drilled in Oklahoma is linked with three layers of industrial steel casing separated by an additional three layers of cement – that is six protective layers separating drilling materials from the surrounding environment.


Beyond drilling procedures, production sites also have numerous safeguards to further protect groundwater resources, including using steel storage tanks and lined impoundments to hold water, drilling mud and rock fragments. These impounds provide an impermeable barrier to keep produced water away from the topsoil.

The amount of water used to produce oil and natural gas varies greatly, but overall the industry is responsible for only 2 percent of Oklahoma’s water usage (livestock and agriculture follow that at 12 percent, and irrigation at 32 percent). Many producers are also beginning to establish water-recycling programs, in order to reuse the water they produce. This will reduce the need for fresh water even further.


Oklahoma’s oil and natural gas producers are leaders in protecting some of our most precious natural resources. To learn more about how the industry is protecting our water sources, visit the OERB.com.



EnergyHQ is powered by the Oklahoma Energy Resources Board – OERB – which is voluntarily funded by the state's oil and natural gas producers and royalty owners. The OERB provides free environmental restoration of abandoned well sites and works to educate the state's citizens about the oil and natural gas industry. For more on the OERB's mission and how it is funded, visit OERB.com.